Probability is a measure of the likelihood of an event occurring within a certain range of possible outcomes. The probability of an event can be determined using statistical methods such as the z score. The z score is a measure of the number of standard deviations a particular value is from the mean of a normal distribution. Here, we will go through the steps involved in finding probability using a z score.

## How to find probability with z score?

### Step 1: Determine the mean and standard deviation of the normal distribution

The first step in finding probability using a z score is determining the normal distribution’s mean and standard deviation. The data set’s average value is the normal distribution’s mean. The standard deviation quantifies the data set’s dispersion. To find the mean and standard deviation, we can use the following formulas:

Mean = (Σx)/n

Standard Deviation = √((Σ(x – mean)^2)/(n-1))

Where Σx is the sum of all values in the data set, n is the number of values in the data set, and x is an individual value in the data set.

### Step 2: Convert the value to a z score

Once we have determined the mean and standard deviation of the normal distribution, we can convert a particular value to a z score using the following formula:

Z score = (value – mean)/standard deviation

This formula gives us the number of standard deviations the value is from the mean of the normal distribution.

### Step 3: Use a z-score table or calculator to find the probability

There are several ways to find the probability of an event using a z score. One way is to use a z-score table, which gives the probability of an event occurring within a certain range of values. Another way is to use a z-score calculator, which can be found online or in statistical software programs.

To use a z-score table, we first need to determine which side of the mean the value falls on. If the value is above the mean, we will use the right side of the z-score table. If the value is below the mean, we will use the left side of the table. Then, we find the row in the table corresponding to our z-score and the column corresponding to the number of standard deviations we want to include in our probability calculation. The intersection of these two values gives us the probability of the event occurring within the desired range.

To use a z-score calculator, we input the z-score and the number of standard deviations we want to include in the probability calculation. The calculator will then give us the probability of the event occurring within the desired range.

### Step 4: Determine the probability of the event occurring

Once we have found the probability of the event occurring within a certain range of values, we can determine the probability of the event occurring. If we want to find the probability of the event occurring within a specific range, we can subtract the probability of the event occurring outside of that range from 1. If we want to find the probability of the event occurring outside of a specific range, we can subtract the probability of the event occurring within that range from 1.

## Conclusion

Finding probability using a z score is a useful statistical method for determining the likelihood of an event occurring within a certain range of possible outcomes. By determining the mean and standard deviation of the normal distribution, converting a value to a z score, and using a z score table or calculator to find the probability, we can accurately determine the probability of an event occurring.